Solvent-based concentrates, also known as extracts, are created by using a solvent such as alcohol to extract the active ingredients from the plant. This process is often used to make cannabis extract oils such as butane hash oils or wax extracts.
Solventless Cannabis Concentrates
Solventless cannabis concentrates are made by using mechanical means to extract trichomes from marijuana flowers. Trichomes are the crystal structures found in marijuana that carry the majority of cannabinoids.
Examples of solventless cannabis concentrates include:
What is a Dab?
Dabbing is a common method of consuming cannabis concentrates like butane hash oil. These kinds of sticky cannabis oil can be scraped onto a metal surface and heated to create a potent vapor, usually using a dab rig. As a result, the oils themselves are often also referred to as dabs.
What is Shatter?
Shatter is a hard, brittle type of cannabis oil that is often used for dabbing. It easily snaps or shatters like glass, hence the name. Shatter contains some plant matter in addition to the cannabinoid-infused extract. Oils with high THCA content are typically more hard and easy to break, while oils with high THC content are softer with a more viscous consistency.
What is THC Wax?
THC wax is made by heating marijuana plant material in a solvent such as butane to create a gooey, waxy end product. Wax concentrates vary a lot in strength, consistency, and appearance, however. Some contain around 30% THC, while others can be as high as 90% THC.
This is extremely potent, and a single dosage can be the equivalent THC content of smoking up to 20 joints. As a result, it is important to pay attention to the THC content of what you are buying and using with care, as it can cause unpleasant negative side effects, which may include extreme paranoia, unconsciousness, and hallucinations. For these reasons, THC wax and other high THC concentrates are not recommended for light or beginner cannabis users with less experience and tolerance.